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东海林健建筑事务所 | Hara house东海林健建筑事务所 | Hara house

Hara house位于日本新潟县长冈市竹根村,原名中岛。这个村庄是传统的日本乡村风格,在这里庄园是一个建筑和农田的集合,它们彼此相互依存。这个村庄正面临着与日本许多村庄同样的问题:农村衰落,新的独立建筑叠加在土地上,造成居民之间越来越大的隔离。
Hara house is located in the agricultural village ofTsurugasone, formerly known as Nakanoshima, in Nagaoka city, Niigataprefecture. The village is in the conventional Japanese village style wherein,a single estate contains an assemblage of buildings and farmland, that areinter-dependent on each other. This village is facing the same problems thatmany of Japan’s villages are facing; a rural decline, where new self-containedbuildings superimpose themselves onto the land and create a larger and largerseparation between the residents.

Hara house是房子的屋主从家庭中继承来的,房子功能结构已经被划分得非常清楚,如主要的家庭住房,工作棚,停车场和一个温室。因此,在这种情况下,设计方向是创建一个建筑,振兴现有的建筑功能,并尽可能的添加新的功能以适应房主的新需求。
Eventually, the clients will inherit their large family estatewhich similarly, already has many built structure upon it such as the mainfamily house, a work shed, parking area and a green house. Thus in thissetting, our design direction was to create a building that revitalizes thestructures already present onsite and have the potential to adapt to newfunctions as the need or mood arises.

Thus, giving consideration to the functions onsite, such as amain family house, storage areas and private rooms; most functions that arerequired in a fully self-reliant house were already present onsite, thus weplanned a house where the couple and their children can live in one corner ofthe large estate and just spend time when the mood strikes.

Instead of designing a conventional fully self-reliant building,we aspired to create a buoyant and bustling hub. We designed a space wherepassing neighbors, friends and children can easily stop by to chit chat underthe entrance porch, or workshop meetings and events hosted in the space canspill out to the land. Thus bringing down the threshold of the house andopening it to the village. Thereby extending the building envelope to create alarger semi-public space.

We started our design from conceptualizing a small building asan ‘incomplete’ remote extension of the main house. The building is not fullyself sufficient and thus draws from its setting and relies on the surroundingbuildings to fully function and even engages the village to create a thrivingcommunity.

The building emulates its surrounding, which has many vinylhouses and work sheds, and uses 120mm square timber members, to create a simpleseries of ‘A frame’ trusses. This structure creates an image of a large tent; astiff yet giving structure which assimilates all the human behaviors. Storage,partitions and private rooms have been removed, as much as possible, tosimulate one large open space that adapts to the user’s needs. In thissituation, one cannot help but rely on the support of the other buildingsaround it, thus jutting out of the building envelope and prompting the use ofthe existing architecture. The aim was to create a way of life that is nevercomplete within just this one structure, it is a piece of the greaterarchitecture; a house that is part of a group of buildings.

This vacuum in function encourages the users to invent creativeways to utilize the space; it encourages the ‘use’ of the building rather than justbeing a house you ‘enter’. This ‘house of incompleteness’ is envisioned tobecome a ‘strong absorber’, as the blank space invites people and events of thevillage to utilize it; thus the house becomes part of the greater architectureof the village.

By establishing this type of architecture, with its insufficiencyand blank space, a building is born that establishes itself in the village asan attraction of interest and activity. This singular building crosses itsthreshold to interact beyond, just the family, to the village and slowlydissolves boundaries and creates the possibility of forming new connections andbeginning the creation of a new, strong-knit community.

Someday, the couple will move into their main family house, andthis house will be passed onto the eldest son to use with his family, thesecond son will renovate the work shed and practice agriculture, and theleftover extra space will be used by interns from overseas who have come tostudy agriculture.

当人们在遥远的将来思考这些可能性时,就会想到如何设计一个连接未来、周围建筑、农业社区和整个村庄的连接。因此,Hara house作为一个简单的“桁架框架系列”,旨在通过成为村庄集体形式的一部分来连接所有这些实体。它加固了旧建筑,并与周围的建筑和社区建立了新的联系。
When thinking about such possibilities in the distant future,thoughts arise about how to design a connection that ties the future, itssurrounding buildings, the agricultural community and the village as a whole. Thus,Hara house, as a simple ‘series of truss frames’, aims to connect all theseentities, by being part of the collective form of the village. It reinforcesold and creates new connections with its surrounding buildings and community.

Hara house是一个“小房子”的提议,它展示了一个新的“村庄管理系统”,是一种加强环境交流与联系,振兴村庄的新方法。
Hara house is a proposal of a ‘small house’ that shows a new‘management system of a village’; a way to revitalize villages that wereformerly a collection of strong interconnections.

项目建筑师:Takayuki Shimada(东海林建筑事务所)
结构设计:Tetsuya Tanaka(Tetsuya Tanaka结构工程师)
图片版权 :©Isamu Murai
Principal use :Private Residence
Ttal floor area :166.24㎡(carport)
Structure: Wood
Location :Tsurugasone, Nagaoka-city
Project architect :Takayuki Shimada(Takeru ShojiArchitecuts.)
Structural design: Tetsuya Tanaka(TetsuyaTanaka Structural Engineers)
Photograph :©Isamu Murai