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MARTINEZ 3458 | 马丁尼兹3458:现代化的沧桑至美MARTINEZ 3458 | 马丁尼兹3458:现代化的沧桑至美


MARTINEZ3458大楼位于门多萨市(Mendoza)的旧铁路穿过的居住社区——一处低密度的住宅区;它的整体结构是由四个独立住宅单元所组成,每个单元又另由两个房间组成;所占据的地块总面积宽9.5米,深28米。
Locatedin the old railway neighborhood in the city of Mendoza, a low-densityresidential area, the Martínez 3458 building is made up of four housing units,composed of two rooms each. The lot on which it is located is 9.5 meters wideby 28 meters deep.




该项目对建筑的每平方米面积进行评估,以此实现该区域(FOS和FOT)低占用率的标准;于是设计师充分利用这一片土地的优势,在不忽略其周围社区比例以及规模的情况下,决定将它从城市法规要求的市政分界线之中分离。这样一来,该区域的主要特质便得到了保护和尊重,不仅为停车留出了足够的空间,同时也成为独树一帜的“花园邻区”。
Theproject is valuing every possible square meter, established by the lowoccupancy rates of the area (FOS and FOT). Taking full advantage of the lot,without neglecting the neighborhood scale in which it is incorporated, thebuilding was decided to be drawn from the municipal linerequired by the urban code. In this way, the main characteristic of the areawas respected, which is the “garden neighborhood”, leaving space forthe garages.




而这个项目的设计前提,便是要解决建筑内部的四个住宅单元,在它们各具扩展功能的同时,相对于其他单元依旧能保持一定程度上的独立性和私密性。因此,设计师在这栋构筑中打造出一系列连续性的私人和共享庭院,这些不同空间同时具备住客提供交叉通风和充足照明的多元功能。
Thedesign premise was to solve four units with their own expansions, maintainingsome degree of independence and privacy in relation to the other units. Thus,there is a succession of private and shared courtyards, which enables crossventilation and good lighting.




而尽管类似的设计结构在建筑的任意一处空间都被重复应用和呈现,但它们并不是全然相同,反而会通过各自的特定细节而表征出截然不同的“个性化”。
Althoughthe program is repeated in each module, they all have particular details thatcharacterize them.




这主要体现在马丁尼兹3458“风选”功能的设计:设计师巧妙利用自然光,创造了高私密度的空间条件;大尺寸的开窗,通过拓宽视野来突破每户单元的地理限制;窗口处砖砌的纱窗,则是将各个单元彼此分隔开,保护各自的隐秘性的同时,亦可以过滤刺目的光线,创造出高质量的空间感和更强烈的庇护感。
Thisis mainly manifested in the winnowing, to take advantage ofnatural light and create privacy conditions. Large windows were used, in orderto expand the limits of each unit through visual extensions. Brick screens arealso placed in the openings to generate privacy between units, filter the lightand provide quality to the spaces, characterized by a feeling of shelter.






曲线元素已被用作强调马丁尼兹3458“循环”理念的根本。设计师将它的第一次呈现,置于建筑入口的第一面墙体上,之后在楼梯旁的墙面上以前后呼应的目的被再次使用。在整座建筑的室内设计中,它亦被用作加强不同空间之间的差异化的视觉分隔线。
Curvedelements have been used as a resource that emphasizes the circulation. Itis used in the first wall of the entrance and is then repeated in the wallnext to the staircase. In the interiors, this resource is used to createdifferentiated spaces.



马丁尼兹3458是通过使用传统的工程构筑系统和最常用的建筑材质,从而实现建筑整体十分出色的完成度。传统的砖石,裸露的混凝土,自然的木材,钙质的瓷砖,重建的花岗岩外地板构成了马丁尼兹3458和谐交融的材质组合——这使得它仅通过极低的维护成本,依旧能以始终如一的,典雅而优雅的气质去经历漫长岁月的打磨,最终沉淀为另一种沧桑至美。
Theproject is materialized through the use of traditional constructionsystems and the most common materials. Common brick, bare concrete, wood,calcareous tiles, reconstituted granite exterior floors, make up the palette ofmaterials that avoid eccentricities and guarantee noble ageing with lowmaintenance costs.














特别的是,那些裸露的砖块已经通过不同的方式进行了加工处理,使建筑的外部和内部空间具有高度一致化的肌理和色调。风选墙壁,曲线元素,舷窗设计等等都是整座建筑极其重要的组成元素,它们为建筑内外创造细微却生动的变化感,譬如于日复一日的日光中呈现出不同的趣味。
Inparticular, the exposed brick has been worked in different ways to give textureand color to each exterior and interior space. Sifted walls, curves, portholes,function as compositional elements, allowing the mutation and the play of lightduring the course of the day.



砖砌的垂直花园,伫立于建筑入口处,郁葱的绿植覆盖其上,不仅只是一处自然的点缀,更使得整座建筑充满了灵动茁壮的生命力,和仿佛能够渗入人心的温暖。
Avertical garden made with the brick houses plants at the entrance to thecomplex, filling it with life and warmth.








项目名称:MARTINEZ3458
建筑团队:PRIMER PISO ARQUITECTOS
团队地区:阿根廷
建设完成:2019
建筑面积:210 m2
项目位置:门多萨,SEXTA SECCIONMENDOZA
负责建筑师:Arq.  Mariana Delfino, Arq. Alejandro Wajchman
摄影提供:Arq.  LUIS ABBA - @ab.arqph
视频提供:Gerardo Wajchman
图1负责人:Arq.Hernan Cruz (Plantas / corte / Axonometrías / Gif)
图2负责人:FernandoNeyra (Axonometrías a Color )
主创建筑师:ARQ. MARIANA DELFINO - ARQ. ALEJANDRO WAJCHMAN
初级建筑师:ARQ.HERNAN CRUZ
INS网站:@primer_piso_arquitectos
合作电话:+ 549-261-6913164 / + 549-261-6913165
个人联系电子邮件:alejandro.wajchman@gmail.com
marianadlfino.arq@gmail.com