The Qinyong Primary School Hotel is locatedin the southeast of Ningbo, Zhejiang Province in China. The village, which usedto be notorious for being a “rotten village” in the 1960s, was transformedunder a specific historical circumstance.
▽建筑背靠山林，白雾如纱/The building is backed by mountains and forests, with white mist like yarn
At the height of the communism movement inthe 1970s, the whole village was demolished and reconstructed, and became thefirst strictly planned commune in the province. The original natural fabricsand traces were wiped out and a grid of townhouses were established with blocksof local sandstone. Meanwhile, the same material was used to build newinfrastructure public buildings and such as the village gate, paths, theauditorium, as well as the primary school which has now been renovated into thehotel.
The primary school, consisting of a mainteaching buildings and a wing building, sits on the high platform at thenorthernmost end of the village. The large platform was originally the schoolplayground, from where one can get an aerial view of the whole village. Thestrip-shaped gray tile roofs are like a piece of land art, stretching all theway to the foot of the adjacent mountain.
▽民宿下方的村落，青瓦灰墙/The village below the homestay, with blue tiles and grey walls
The entire idea of the renovation comesfrom the preservation of the masonry structure. The design process can becalled as a strategy of intervention. The original structure of load-bearing masonrywalls and prefabricated floor slabs determined the spatial framework. It isimpossible to punch into the stone blocks for installing pipelines, and it isalso difficult to add new openings in the walls for doors and windows.
A raised platform became a driving forcethroughout the design. Made with wood, this platform extends all around therooms and corridors and plays a mediating role. Through this continuous raisedplatform, the pipeline facilities are connected without the risk of drillingholes in the walls, and the freedom of interior distribution is achieved.
Taking advantage of the resilience of theoriginal structure, a cafeteria is added onto the rooftop of the wing buildingfor banquets. The addition is made by welded square tubes 5 centimeters insize. The material and its size are the outcome of optimized conditions.Firstly, the light steel structure made it possible to transport and installthe components by human labor on the rooftop. Secondly, the cross-section ofthe square is preconditioned to hide behind the wooden enclosure. Thus theperception of the warm-toned interior is not disturbed.
To the overall experience, the large numberof in-situ fabricated woodwork from furniture scale to room scale not onlygives a feeling of a singular enclosure to the interior space, but also endowsa sense of “make-do” to the momentary experience. Such specific moments ofexperience form a ‘de-familiarization’ effect in the interior space and detachthe visitors from the continuous flow of commonness.
▽建筑两侧外走廊/Outer corridors on both sides of the building